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RAINDROPS partakes in the Open Access philosophy of research following FAIR data principles - all research data should be Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable (FAIR). Thus the project fully participates in the Open Access on Research Data project, always ensuring the correct treatment and safe storage of personal data.

In this page you will find a list of publications , working papers, thesis and research data.


  • Beldados Alemseged, Abel Ruiz-Giralt, Carla Lancelotti, Yamane Meresa, A. Catherine D'Andrea 2023. Pre‐Aksumite plant husbandry in the Horn of Africa. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 32, 635-654.

  • Beldados Alemseged, Abel Ruiz-Giralt 2023. Burning questions: Experiments on the effects of charring on domestic and wild sorghum. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 51, 104170.

  • Biagetti Stefano, Debora Zurro, Jonas Alcaina-Mateos, Eugenio Bortolini, Marco Madella 2021. Quantitative Analysis of Drought Management Strategies across Ethnographically-Researched African Societies: A Pilot Study. Land 10, 1062 - Open Access

  • Biagetti Stefano, Abel Ruiz-Giralt, Marco Madella, Mongeda Khaled Magzoub, Yamane Meresa, G.M. Veesar, Tasleem Abro, Amin Chandio, Carla Lancelotti  2022. No rain no grain? Ethnoarchaeology of sorghum and millets cultivation in drylands. Ethnoarchaeology 13 (1-2); 80-104. - Open Access

  • D'Agostini Francesca, Javier Ruiz-Pérez, Marco Madella, Vincent Vadez, Jana Kholova, Carla Lancelotti. 2023Phytoliths as indicators of plant water availability: The case of millets cultivation in the Indus Valley Civilization. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 39.104783. - Open Access

  • D'Agostini Francesca, Vincent Vadez, Jana Kholova, Javier Ruiz-Pérez, Marco Madella and Carla Lancelotti. 2022. Understanding the Relationship between Water Availability and Biosilica Accumulation in Selected C4 Crop Leaves: An Experimental Approach. Plants 11(8), 1019 - Open Access

  • D'Agostini Francesca, Javier Ruiz-Pérez, Marco Madella, Vincent Vadez, Carla Lancelotti. 2022. Phytolith extraction and counting procedure for modern plant material rich in silica skeletons.

  • D'Andrea Caterine A., Lynn Welton, Andrea MAnzo et al. 2023. The Pre-Aksumite Period: indigenous origins and development in the Horn of Africa. Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa 58(3), 329-392.

  • Kerfant Céline, Javier Ruiz-Pérez, Juan José García-Granero, Carla Lancelotti, Marco Madella, Emma Karoune 2023. A dataset for assessing phytolith data for implementation of the FAIR data principles. Scientific Data 10, 479 - Open Access

  • Lancelotti Carla, Stefano Biagetti. 2021. Mapping Food Production in Hyper-Arid and Arid Saharan Africa in the Holocene—A View from the Present. Quaternary 4(2), 13 - Open Access

  • Lancelotti Carla, Stefano Biagetti, Andrea Zerboni, Donatella Usai, Marco Madella 2019. The archaeology and ethnoarchaeology of rain-fed cultivation in arid and hyper-arid North Africa. Antiquity 93(370): 1026-1039.

  • Lancelotti Carla. 2019. Las humanidades y la promocción del bienestar planetario. La Maleta de Portbou 37: 37-42.

  • Ruiz-Giral Abel, Charlène Bouchaud, Aurélie Salavert, Carla Lancelotti and A. Catherine D’Andrea. 2021. Human-woodland interactions during the Pre-Aksumite and Aksumite periods in northeastern Tigray, Ethiopia: insights from the wood charcoal analyses from Mezber and Ona Adi. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 30: 713–728.

  • Ruiz-Giralt Abel, Stefano Biagetti, Marco Madella and Carla Lancelotti. 2023. Small-scale farming in drylands: New models for resilient practices of millet and sorghum cultivation. PLoS ONE 18(2): e0268120 - Open Access

  • Ruiz-Giralt Abel, Nixon-Darcus Laurie, A. D'Andrea Catherine, Meresa Yemane, Biagetti Stefano and Carla Lancelotti. 2023On the verge of domestication: Early use of C4 plants in the Horn of Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 120(27): e2300166120.

  • Ruiz-Giralt Abel, Alemseged Beldados, Stefano Biagetti, Francesca D’Agostini, Catherine A. D’Andrea, Yemane Meresa, Carla Lancelotti 2023. Sorghum and Finger Millet Cultivation during the Aksumite Period: Insights from Ethnoarchaeological Modelling and Microbotanical Analysis. Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology 6(1), 96–116 - Open Access

  • Varalli Alessandra, D'Agostini Francesca, Madella Marco, Fiorentino Girolamo, Carla Lancelotti. 2023. Charring effects on stable carbon and nitrogen isotope values on C4 plants: Inferences for archaeological investigations. Journal of Archaeological Science 156, 105821 - Open Access



  • Lancelotti Carla and Stefano Biagetti. 2021. Mapping Food Production in Hyper Arid and Arid Saharan Africa in the Holocene. A View from the Present. Preprints. doi: 10.20944/preprints202103.0723.v1

  • Ruiz-Giralt Abel, Stefano Biagetti, Marco Madella, and Carla Lancelotti. 2020. Is Yearly Rainfall Amount a Good Predictor for Agriculture Viability in Drylands? Modelling Traditional Cultivation Practices of Drought-resistant Crops: An Ethnographic Approach for the Study of Long-term Resilience and Sustainability. EcoEvoRxiv. May 11. doi:10.32942/

  • Varalli, Alessandra, Francesca D'Agostini, Marco Madella, Girolamo Fiorentino and Carla Lancelotti, Carla Charring Effects on Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotope Values on C4 Plants: Inferences for Archaeological Investigations. Available at SSRN: or

Research data

  • Primary research data and R code used for the analyses in Ruiz-Giralt et al 2023 PLoSOne are stored on Zenodo

  • Ruiz-Giralt Abel, Biagetti Stefano, Madella Marco, Lancelotti Carla [Supplementary Materials] Farming the World's drylands: ethnographic-based models highlight the key role of traditional knowledge for sustainable food production. Digital Repository Universitat Pompeu Fabra: Barcelona; 2020. Available from:

  • Ruiz-Giralt Abel, Bouchaud Charlène, Salavert Aurelie, Lancelotti Carla, D'Andrea A. Catherine. [Supplementary Materials] Human-Woodland interactions during the pre-Aksumite and Aksumite periods in NE Tigray, Ethiopia: insights from the wood charcoal analyses of Mezber and Ona Adi. Digital Repository Universitat Pompeu Fabra: Barcelona; 2019. Available from:

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